Malvaceae Web Directory

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Unclassified sites

Image Galleries

see also Herbaria

  • at Australian National Botanic Garden
  • Biological Research Associates: Native and Naturalized Plants of Florida
  • Borneo Tree Images
  • CalPhotos
  • FMNH Neotropical Live Plant Photos (Malvaceae, Bombacaceae)
  • Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
  • Flora of the Marquesas Islands
  • Hibiscus Archive (at International Hibiscus Society)
  • Hibiscus Gallery (species and rosa-sinensis cultivars) at Sunshine Seeds
  • Missouri Flora
  • Moorea Digital Flora Project
  • New York Botanic Garden Vascular Plant Type Catalog Bombacaceae
  • at Okayama University of Science
  • Plant Systematics Collection (Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae)
  • Some Malvaceae in Brazil
  • at Texas A&M University Vascular Plant Image Gallery (Bombacaceae, Malvaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliacaeae)
  • The Malvaceae Gallery
  • at Thomas Schoepke Plant Image Gallery (Bombacaceae, Malvaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliacaeae)
  • at TROPICOS Images (Bombacaceae, Malvaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae)
  • at Western Australian Herbarium
  • at Yamasaki Lab. Plant Photo Gallery
  • at University of Hawaii
  • Taxonomy

    Warning: the placement of the various elements of Malvaceae sensu APG is in the air at the moment, and should be resolved within a few years as more molecular and other evidence comes in. Material in print, and on the web (including here), may well already have been overtaken by new evidence.


  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Malvales (at Missouri Botanic Garden)
  • Malvales Project
  • Reveal System (lecture notes)
  • Reveal System (more lecture notes)
  • Malvaceae

  • fascimile of Kunth's Malvaceae, büttneriaceae, tiliaceae (1822)
  • Acropogon

  • Philippe Morat & Monique Chalopin, Four new species of Acropogon (Malvaceae: Sterculieae) endemic to New Caledonia (2003)
  • Andeimalva

  • Tate, Jennifer A., Andeimalva, a new genus of Malvaceae from Andean South America, Lundellia 6: 10-18 (2003)
  • Bombacoideae+Durioneae

  • L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz: The Families of Flowering Plants: Bombacaceae
  • Brownlowioideae+Grewiodeae+Tilioideae

  • L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz: The Families of Flowering Plants: Tiliaceae
  • Chiranthodendron

  • Description Botanique du Chiranthodendron: Fascimile of the original description (in French) of Chiranthodendron pentadactylon, the sole species of the genus.
  • Chorisia

  • Kirsten Llamas: "The Bombastic Bombacaceae"
  • Durioneae

  • Brown, M.J.: Durio - A Biblographic Review (1997)
  • Gossypium L.

  • Small, R.L. and J.F. Wendel: Phylogeny, duplication, and intraspecific variation of Adh sequences in New World diploid cottons (Gossypium L.), paper in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 16:73-84
  • Hampea Schlecht.

  • Jones, R.W, Fryxell, P.A, and Baro, D.M: Phylogenetic Analysis of the Genus Hampea (1997) (PDF)
  • Hibisceae

  • B.E. Pfeil et al, Phylogeny of Hibiscus and the Tribe Hibisceae (Malvaceae) Using Chloroplast DNA Sequences of ndfH and the rpl16 Intron (2002)
  • Iliamna Greene

  • Tracy A. Bodo Slotta: Phylogenetic Analysis of Iliamna (Malvaceae) Using The Internally Transcribed Spacer Region (2000) (MSc thesis)
  • Lasiopetalum Sm.

  • Lasio Lounge
  • Malveae

  • Tate et al, Phylogenetic Relationships Within the Tribe Malveae (Malvaceae, subfamily Malvoideae) as Inferred from ITS Sequence Data, American Journal of Botany 92(4): 584-602 (2005)
  • Malvoideae

  • L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz: The Families of Flowering Plants: Malvaceae
  • Megistostegium

  • Megan Ermler, Molecular Underpinnings of Phylogenetic Relationships Among Megistostegium
  • Oceanopapaver

  • L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz: The Families of Flowering Plants: Oceanopapaveraceae
  • Sterculioideae

  • Sterculiaceae (RBGE)
  • Tarasa Philippi

  • Jennifer Tate's (University of Florida) page on Tarasa
  • Theobroma

  • Le Cacao et Le Chocolat: fascimile of French language book on cacao.
  • Thespesia Corr.

  • Thespesia populnea (at Australian Native Hibiscus)
  • Thomasia J. Gay

  • Thomasia Website: botanical and horticultural information on the Australian genus Thomasia.
  • Floras

    The list of online floras has been incorporated into a larger list of floras and checklists, including references to floras not available online

    Medical Data

    Agriculture, by genus


  • Journal of Cotton Science
  • National Cotton Council of America
  • The Australian Cotton Cooperative Research Centre
  • Horticulture, by genus



  • American Hibiscus Society
  • Australian Hibiscus Society, Inc.
  • Hibiscus Society of Queensland, Inc.
  • Hibiscus: Queen of the Flowers: online edition of book on tropical Hibiscus
  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis cultivar registry
  • Hibiscus syriacus, et al, cultivar list
  • Hibiscus syriacus cultivar list
  • International Hibiscus Society: web based specialist society
  • Las especies de Hibiscus cultivadas en España
  • Tropical Hibiscus
  • Lavatera

  • Lavatera-hybriden: German language page on the cultivars of the European shrubby Lavateras.
  • Las Plantas del Género Lavatera Cultivadas en España
  • Researchers' Home Pages

    Botanical and Genetic Databases

    DNA sequence data

    Nomenclature, etc





    Specimen Images


    © 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Stewart Robert Hinsley